Andreas' Blog

Adventures of a software engineer/architect

Preview AsciiDoc with PlantUML in VS Code

2019-05-08 4 min read anoff
This post is for everyone that likes to write AsciiDoc in VS Code but also wants to inline PlantUML diagrams within their docs. In a previous post about diagrams with PlantUML I gave an intro into PlantUML and how to preview images in VS Code. With the latest release of the asciidoctor plugin for VS Code it is possible to easily preview embedded PlantUML images within AsciiDocs. No more need to maintain attributes in each file 🎉 Continue reading

Advanced customization for Antora - PlantUML support & custom UI

2019-04-19 5 min read anoff

This post will cover some slightly advanced steps for building a multi-repository Asciidoc documentation using Antora. My previous post covered basics of Antora and how to migrate existing AsciiDoc files. In this post I will go through the steps of including content from another repository, building a custom UI and adding plantUML support to the (automated, dockerized) build.

plantUML support

One of the most important things for me when it comes to software docs is the ability to show relationships and interactions using diagrams. As you might know from my previous posts I am a huge plantUML fan. So plantUML support is important both for rendering the Antora website and the local development.

Local preview

For local previews I use the AsciiDoc extension by João Pinto.

VS Code Preview of PlantUML in .aodc
Figure 1. PlantUML preview in VS code

To get the plugin working you need to set the plantuml-server-url Asciidoctor attribute on your page as described on the asciidoctor-plantuml package that is used for rendering in VSC. Sadly this needs to be set for every single adoc file - if you want to preview it.


Antora plantUML rendering

To enable plantUML in Antora you need to register the asciidoctor-plantuml package and configure the same attribute as for local preview. However in the case of Antora you an specify it one in the playbook.yml.

  - asciidoctor-plantuml

Multiple repositories for a single documentation

Another feature I promised to address during my previous post was splitting up content into multiple Antora modules/components. For my arc42 dummy project I used both.

ARC42 table of contents
Figure 2. Table of Contents for ARC42 project

Given the above table of contents the chapters Cross-cutting concepts and Architecture decisions where put into a separate module within the main component. The modules concepts and adr (architecture design record) are moved into separate modules because I prefer to have each concept/adr in a separate .adoc file. For this example a simple subfolder within the ROOT/pages directory might suffice but in a real world scenario having a different module might come in handy to handle these important topics more efficiently. Both concepts and ADRs are aggregated into a single index.adoc file in each module and are included in the main build.

A separate Antora component is used in this example for the Media Manager subsystem that makes up one of the level 1 building blocks. Imagine this subsystem being developed in a separate repository. In this case you want to keep the respective documentation within the MediaManager repository. This is done in the antora-arc42-mediaman repository where all the subsystems source code and documentation shall be kept.

In the example build the Level 2 definition of the Media Manager block diagram view is included from the remote repository of the subsystem. You can see this include on line 178 of the building_block_view.adoc.

So overall the ARC42 build uses four modules spread across two components to build its entire documentation. Some modules provide Antora partials whereas others provide entire pages that get referenced in the main ROOT module.

antora component setup
Figure 3. Multi component, multi module Antora setup

Customizing the Antora UI

For minor modifications of the UI you can use the supplemental_files attribute in the playbook. Supplemental files allow you to exchange parts of the built UI bundle. Given the current state of the default UI that you can find at this is best used to modify the content of header, footer etc.

Applying minor changes via supplement_files

On this commit of the antora-arc42 you can see supplementa_files being defined and used. To modify content from the UI bundle simply check it into the repository of your antora playbook and reference it

Specifying supplemental_files for the Antora UI bundle
    snapshot: true
supplemental_files: ./supplemental-ui

In the repository I applied a custom footer template to the bundle.

<footer class="footer">
  <p>Original arc42 template licensed under <a href="">MIT</a> and modified for antora fit by <a href="">Andreas Offenhaeuser</a>, the page is created using the Antora Default UI licensed under <a href="">MPL-2.0</a></p>

As all style attributes are bundled into a single site.css file it is quite hard to modify the UI style via this method. Dan - the author of Antora - explained it like this in an issue discussion I had in the Antora repository.

Dan Allen on customizing the UI
Figure 4. Dan Allen on customizing the UI

Creating a custom UI bundle

Not being able to modify the generated sites style via the supplemental_files method I set out to create a custom UI bundle for my ARC42 documentation. The main changes I implemented with this bundle are:

  1. custom color theme via src/css/
  2. customized header and footer files
  3. add a custom CSS/JS to provide help text that can be toggled via the toggle help text in the navigation bar
  4. remove the component navigation dropdown as shown in the image below
component navigation dropdown
Figure 5. Antora component navigator

The component navigation has been removed because in the case of the ARC42 documentation the MediaManager component is not a documentation in itself but merely a way of creating a multi-repository architecture documentation. Therefore only a single entrypoint into the documentation is required. If your project has both - Antora components that merely serve as partial/page providers and components that serve as standalone documentation you may want to create a custom navigation option as well.


The Antora ARC42 build now consists of three repositories

  1. the playbook and main ARC42 dos at
  2. an Antora component to provide lower level documentation of the antora-arc42-mediaman to be included in the build
  3. a custom UI bundle

These repositories should act as a good reference to create more advanced builds with Antora while not cluttering the individual repositories with too many features/changes. As with most of my recent projects all automation is done via Drone CI, see the respective .drone.yml repositories in the main repository and the UI bundle for reference.

Screenshot of the page
Figure 6. Screenshot of the final ARC42 Antora build

You can view the final result at with ?help showing all the original ARC42 help texts for each chapter.

If you have any questions or know of better/alternative ways let me know via Twitter, leave a comment or submit changes to this post directly via PR 👋

Get Hugo to render (nice) Asciidocs

2019-02-17 5 min read anoff
While migrating my blog from Jekyll to Hugo I went down quite a rabbit hole. While setup and migration to Hugo was a breeze, I spent a lot of time making my .adoc formatted post work with the new blog. After working through several GitHub issues I ended up manipulating the DOM with Javascript to get admonitions working. It still doesn’t feel right - but hey it works! 🤷‍♂️ This post will cover the steps I took in case I myself or anyone out there ever needs to do this again. Continue reading

Converting existing AsciiDoc into an Antora project

2019-02-15 7 min read anoff
After 2 years of working with the arc42 template in markdown, I spent the last few weeks learning about an asciidoc based site generator named Antora. The main reason for the interest in AsciiDoc was the fact that the limited feature set in markdown often impairs you while writing down complex things. But I had one problem; most of our documentation is scattered across multiple repositories as we try to keep the docs as close to the code as possible. Continue reading

Markdown native diagrams with PlantUML

2018-07-31 9 min read anoff
This post covers PlantUML basics and how it can be used in GitLab or GitHub projects as well as a seamless local development environment using Visual Studio Code. I have been wanting to write this post for months. Lately I have been using PlantUML extensively at work but also in my private projects. You can see it being used in my plantbuddy and techradar projects on GitHub. Using it in different places and for various purposes I came across a bunch of issues that I want to share in this post. Continue reading